La Butte Rouge

La Butte Rouge
Châtenay-Malabry (near Paris), France

La Butte Rouge is a garden city in Châtenay-Malabry (near Paris), and one of the biggest social housing schemes in the Paris region.

Garden City Type: Mixed (housing association / municipality / other)
Country: France
City: Châtenay-Malabry (near Paris)
Years of construction:
1931 Start construction
1965 Completion
Initiator/client: Office public d'habitations de la Seine
Architect or related:
Joseph Bassompiere (1871-1950)
Paul de Rutte (1871-1943)
Paul Sirvin (1871-1977)
Heritage status: No
General condition of Garden City: Bad condition
According to Europa Nostra, La Butte Rouge is on the list of 7 most important endangered heritage sites of 2022: 'The housing complex was renovated between 1980 and 1995. Since then, the complex has not been properly maintained, resulting in damp, insufficient sound insulation between the apartments and insufficient thermal insulation. La Butte
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General description

La Butte Rouge is a garden city in Châtenay-Malabry, situated 12 km south of Paris. This, one of the biggest social housing schemes in the Paris region, was the brainchild of Henri Sellier, director of the Office public d'habitations de la Siene. Originally conceived in 1919 as part of the Paris extension plan, construction didn't start until 1929, continued up till the mid 1930s and did not resume until after the Second World War.

Architecture / Urban planning

Although influenced by the early garden city movement, the layout here was made more formal with a hierarchy of roadways and public squares. Planting was important and the landscape architect responsible for the overall scheme was Andre Riousse.