Philipsdorp

Philipsdorp
Eindhoven, Netherlands

Philipsdorp is a former factory town in Eindhoven (Netherlands) built by the worldfamous light bulb manufactorer Philips between 1910-1923.

Garden City Type: Former company town
  
Country: Netherlands
City: Eindhoven
Address: Hulstlaan 1
  
Years of construction:
1910 Start construction
1923 Completion
  
Initiator/client: Philips N.V.
Architect or related:
Gerrit Johannes de Jongh

Urban plan.

L. Kooken

Houses and other buildings.

Cornelis Smit

Houses and other buildings.

K.P.C. de Bazel

Houses and other buildings.

Heritage status: Yes
General condition of Garden City: Recently renovated

General description

Philipsdorp is named after the worldfamous Dutch light bulb manufacturer Philips N.V. The growth of Philips and other manufacturers in the Eindhoven region resulted in a large influx of workers, causing problems in the field of worker housing. To alleviate the housing shortage, Philips decided to build homes for their employees. 

Architecture / Urban planning

The construction of Philipsdorp started in 1910 and consisted of different phases. In each phase a new neighborhood was created. The architects and engineers G.J. de Jongh, L. Kooken, C. Smit and K.P.C. de Bazel have all designed parts of the village. The exact collaboration between the architects is unclear. Although the aim was to achieve unity, the different construction phases and neighborhoods ensured that there was no complete uniformity in the village. The neighborhoods do not merge seamlessly. This is characteristic of the village, because the growth of the village is related to the growth of Philips N.V.

Philipsdorp has a total size of 771 homes. Construction started with old Philipsdorp in 1910 with the first 133 homes. In 1912 another 128 houses were built there. This first phases of construction were completed with the eighty homes built in 1916. The urban plan was designed by engineer G.J. de Jongh and the houses by architects L. Kooken and C. Smit. Subsequently, in 1917, the development of Bazelbuurt was started, which consisted of 129 homes designed by architects K.P.C. de Bazel and C. Smit. In 1919 the Lijsterbesbuurt was built and in 1920 the Plantaanbuurt, also designed by Smit and De Bazel. In 1923 the construction project was completed with the completion of the last few streets in old Philipsdorp consisting of 75 homes.

In the neighborhoods attempts were made to create unity by using building blocks in a traditional architectural style instead of

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Sources

  • Publication

    Otten, Ad en Elisabeth Klijn. Philips’ Woningbouw 1900-1990. Zaltbommel: Europese Bibliotheek, 1991.

  • Publication

    Vriend, J.J. Bouwen als sociale daad: 50 jaar woningbouw Philips. Mijdrecht: Verweij, ca. 1962.

  • Website URL

    Wikipedia (in Dutch)

Organizations

Woonbedrijf (Eindhoven)

Woonbedrijf (Eindhoven)

Housing association

Legend